Waste Sorting And Treatment Leads A Low-carbon Life
Apr. 20, 2022
With the improvement of people's lives, the pollution of garbage has become more and more serious.
1. The Hazards of Garbage
Occupy large amounts of land.
Pollute farmland. Waste fertilizer causes soil slag, and slag soil loses 0.5-1 ton of moisture per mu per day compared with normal soil.
Pollute groundwater: Industrial waste discharged from mines, steel plants, etc. contains many harmful substances, such as mercury, lead, chromium, etc. These substances will go deep into the ground under the sun and rain, thus polluting the groundwater.
Pollute the atmosphere. Some organic substances in industrial waste residues can produce a foul smell through biological decomposition at a certain temperature, thereby polluting the atmosphere.
With the development of the economy and the improvement of people's lives, urban garbage is piled up into mountains. Waste Disposalhas become an urgent issue in the comprehensive improvement of the urban environment.
The composition of domestic waste is diverse, some can be recycled directly, some can be composted, and some must be incinerated, garbage collected separately, and scientifically treated according to the different characteristics of various types of garbage, which can save resources and prevent pollution.
Some harmful gases, such as HCl, HF, SO2, and nitrogen oxide compounds, organic matter, and slag are generated when garbage is incinerated. If they are discharged directly into the environment, it will also cause pollution, so it is necessary to send the garbage to the incinerator for centralized treatment.
With the continuous development and improvement of waste treatment technology, urban waste is transitioning from stacking treatment to landfilling, and landfilling technology is gradually becoming hygienic, economical, and efficient. The ash, bricks, ceramic lamp materials, and various residues produced in the garbage must be disposed of by landfill. The landfill must meet the sanitary landfill standards: the water content of the landfill is less than 20%-30%, and the inorganic content is greater than 60%.
Our lives are inseparable from all kinds of batteries, but the environmental pollution caused by acid, alkali, and other electrolytes and heavy metals in waste batteries cannot be ignored. Whether it is a disposable battery or a rechargeable battery, if it contains mercury, cadmium, lead, or sulfuric acid, it may pollute the environment. Companies improve production processes to reduce harmful substances in dry batteries, such as developing mercury-free or low-mercury batteries. We also don't throw away batteries everywhere and do a good job of Waste Recycling used batteries.
ㆍReduce the use of unnecessary plastic products, such as replacing plastic bags with cloth bags;
ㆍReuse some plastic products, such as plastic bags, plastic boxes, etc.;
ㆍUse some new and degradable plastics, such as microbial degradable plastics and photodegradable plastics;
ㆍRecycling various waste plastics.
3. Benefits Of Waste Sorting
ㆍIt is better for the environment
By sorting your rubbish, you can ensure that recyclable waste doesn't get dumped in landfills. This reduces consumption of landfill space and the emission of greenhouse gases. And your recycled waste can be sent to a recycling depot to be put to good use.
ㆍIt is practical
Sorting your waste before disposal may seem like a chore, but it is very practical. Sorting trash and identifying recyclables, sellable appliances and furniture, and reusable plastics, glass, and wood products can help you earn some money on the side.
ㆍEncourages health standards
With waste being properly disposed of, our environment is cleaner, meaning there are fewer health risks and hazards around to affect us. It lessens the chances of illnesses and diseases being spread through the air, reducing the risk of respiratory illnesses. Also, it ensures that toxic products are not being led into our waterways, which can pollute our water and stop us from having a clean water system. It narrows down any toxins that may soak into the ground and prevents harmful stenches, too.
It is always a good idea to sort your rubbish before disposing of it. Sorting rubbish ensures that your recyclable waste does not end up in landfills unnecessarily. To sort your waste ahead of disposal, make sure that you know how to differentiate recyclables from non-recyclables.